Penn Herb Wellness Guide
Type 2 Diabetes
- Reliable and relatively consistent scientific data showing a substantial health benefit.
- Contradictory, insufficient, or preliminary studies suggesting a health benefit or minimal health benefit.
- For an herb, supported by traditional use but minimal or no scientific evidence. For a supplement, little scientific support.
Our proprietary “Star-Rating” system was developed to help you easily understand the amount of scientific support behind each supplement in relation to a specific health condition. While there is no way to predict whether a vitamin, mineral, or herb will successfully treat or prevent associated health conditions, our unique ratings tell you how well these supplements are understood by some in the medical community, and whether studies have found them to be effective for other people.
For over a decade, our team has combed through thousands of research articles published in reputable journals. To help you make educated decisions, and to better understand controversial or confusing supplements, our medical experts have digested the science into these three easy-to-follow ratings. We hope this provides you with a helpful resource to make informed decisions towards your health and well-being.
Alpha Lipoic Acid
|600 to 1,200 mg a day||[3 stars] |
Taking alpha lipoic acid may improve insulin sensitivity and help protect against diabetic complications such as nerve damage.
|9 grams (about 2 teaspoons) per day||[3 stars] |
Chromium-rich brewer’s yeast has been shown to be useful in treating type 2 diabetes in several ways, including by improving blood glucose control.
|Apply an ointment containing 0.025 to 0.075% capsaicin four times a day to areas of nerve pain||[3 stars] |
Topically applied capsaicin (from cayenne) may help relieve nerve pain.
|200500 mcg per day, or more under doctor supervision||[3 stars] |
Chromium has been shown to be useful in treating type 2 diabetes in several ways, including by improving blood glucose control.
|5 grams or more per day||[3 stars] |
Fenugreek seeds appears to lower blood glucose levels by slowing down carbohydrate digestion and absorption.
|15 grams (about 1 tablespoon) per day||[3 stars] |
Taking fiber supplements may improve blood glucose control and reduce insulin resistance in people with type 2 diabetes.
|6 mg methylfolate per day||[3 stars] |
Folic acid supplementation may improve blood glucose control and insulin sensitivity in people with type 2 diabetes. Folic acid also lowers homocysteine levels and preliminary evidence suggests it may help to prevent and treat diabetes complications.
|1 to 10 grams per day||[3 stars] |
Glucomannan delays stomach emptying, leading to more gradual glucose absorption and lower blood glucose levels after meals.
|200 to 600 mg of elemental magnesium per day||[3 stars] |
People with type 2 diabetes tend to have low magnesium levels. Supplementing with magnesium may improve glucose metabolism and help prevent diabetes-related cardiovascular disease.
|7 billion CFU or more of a mix of probiotic strains per day||[3 stars] |
Probiotics can improve blood glucose control, as well as cholesterol and triglyceride levels, in people with type 2 diabetes.
|5 grams (about 1 teaspoon) twice per day with meals||[3 stars] |
Supplementing with psyllium has been shown to be a safe and well-tolerated way for people with type 2 diabetes to improve control of blood glucose and cholesterol levels.
|500 to 1,000 mg three times daily||[2 stars] |
Taking acetyl-L-carnitine may improve symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.
|100 to 300 mg per day||[2 stars] |
Aloe vera leaf gel may help lower blood glucose levels and hemoglobin-A1c, a marker of long-term glycemic control, in people with type 2 diabetes.
|1 gram three times per day||[2 stars] |
Supplementing with American ginseng may help improve blood glucose control and insulin sensitivity in people with type 2 diabetes.
|5 grams of powdered root or an equivalent dose of Asian ginseng extract per day||[2 stars] |
Asian ginseng may help restore healthy insulin sensitivity and improve blood glucose and lipid levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
|500 mg two to three times per day||[2 stars] |
Berberine may improve blood glucose control and insulin sensitivity and decrease risks of cardiovascular and other complications in people with type 2 diabetes.
|160 mg two to three times per day||[2 stars] |
Bilberry may improve glucose metabolism and lower the risk of some diabetic complications, such as diabetic retinopathy.
|9 to 15 mg per day||[2 stars] |
Biotin may improve glucose and triglyceride levels in people with type 2 diabetes and reduce pain from diabetic nerve damage.
|2 grams per day||[2 stars] |
Bitter melon may help lower blood glucose levels and improve overall metabolism in people with type 2 diabetes.
|1 to 3 grams per day||[2 stars] |
Cinnamon may improve glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
|100200 mg per day||[2 stars] |
Supplementing with CoQ10 may improve blood glucose control, insulin sensitivity, and cardiovascular health.
|32 or 48 mg of an herbal extract standardized to contain 1% corosolic acid||[2 stars] |
Crepe myrtle has been used in folk medicine to treat diabetes, and preliminary research suggests it may lower blood glucose levels.
|The best effective dose is unknown, but doses providing 450 mg of total green tea polyphenols (catechins) per day are considered moderate; doses providing 800 mg of EGCG or more per day have been linked to liver injury and are not considered safe.||[2 stars] |
Green tea may protect cardiovascular health and improve metabolism.
|400 to 1,000 mg per day||[2 stars] |
Gymnema may stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin and help normalize blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes.